Tribune News Service
New Delhi, August 5
Of the 47,873 rural habitations reported to have quality issues in drinking water sources, as many as 1,132 are in Punjab and only one in neighbouring Haryana, in accordance to the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) which generates groundwater quality knowledge on a regional scale as a part of its groundwater quality monitoring programme and scientific research.
The research point out the incidence of contaminants, together with Arsenic and heavy metals, past permissible limits (as per BIS) for human consumption in remoted pockets in numerous states/UTs, in accordance to a written reply of Minister of State of Jal Shakti Prahlad Singh Patel to a query on contamination of groundwater by Bathinda MP Harsimrat Kaur Badal in the Lok Sabha.
Patel stated as reported by states/UTs as on July 23, Community Water Purification Plants (CWPPs) had been put in in 107 of those habitations in Punjab whereas 1,025 are nonetheless remaining.
In the nation on the entire, of the 47,873 affected habitations, solely 3076 have been coated by the CWPPs
According to CGWB knowledge, in Punjab, Arsenic focus in groundwater past permissible restrict has been reported from 10 districts, Lead from 6 districts, Cadmium from 8 districts, Chromium from 10 districts and Uranium from 16 districts.
In Malwa belt, Arsenic focus in groundwater past the permissible restrict has been reported from Mansa, Faridkot and Sangrur, Lead from Bathinda, Ferozepur and Muktsar, Cadmium from Fatehgarh Sahib, Ludhiana, Patiala and Sangrur, Chromium from Bathinda, Mansa, and Sangrur districts, and Uranium from 9 districts, Bathinda, Moga, Faridkot, Fatehgarh Sahib, Ferozepur, Ludhiana, Muktsar, Patiala and Sangrur, Patel informed the Lok Sabha.
Regarding the Central authorities’s efforts, Patel stated Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) launched in 2019 is a time certain marketing campaign with a mission mode strategy meant to enhance water availability together with groundwater situations in the water confused blocks of 256 districts, together with Punjab.
In addition, ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan – Catch the Rain’ marketing campaign was additionally launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in March 2021.
Patel stated Punjab has launched a “long-term and short-term mitigation technique to sort out the water quality issues in the state”.
First choice is given to floor water initiatives, wherever it’s techno-economically possible.
Accordingly, Punjab is overlaying 642 quality affected habitations as per feasibility for which work is beneath progress.
Short time period measures embrace CWPPs. “However, putting in CWPPs in very small habitations is usually not economical and sustainable. Therefore, after profitable demonstration of family purifiers in one village, idea is being replicated in Arsenic affected habitations for offering family purifiers.
With as many as 20,956 rural habitations with quality issues in drinking water sources, Assam tops the record adopted by Rajasthan (12,160), Bihar (3,966), Odisha (3,465) West Bengal (3,092) and Tripura (1,335).