Kerala on Thursday reported its first case of Zika virus in a 24-year-old pregnant lady, who has been identified with the mosquito transmitted illness. There are 13 different suspected circumstances of the virus from Thiruvananthapuram and including the authorities was awaiting affirmation from the National Institute of Virology (NIV) at Pune. Of the 19 samples despatched from Thiruvananthapuram, 10 have come again optimistic.
The lady, hailing from Parassalain Thiruvananthapuram district, who’s present process therapy at a non-public hospital right here, delivered her child on July 7. She had been admitted to the hospital on June 28 with fever, headache and purple marks on her physique. The exams performed at the hospital confirmed that she was optimistic following which her samples have been despatched to NIV, Pune. The situation of the lady was passable.
What is Zika Virus?
Zika virus is transmitted largely by the chunk of an contaminated Aedes species mosquito, primarily Aedes aegypti. The an infection is usually discovered in the tropical and subtropical areas. The Aedes mosquito is understood to often chunk throughout the day, particularly throughout early morning and night. Dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever are all unfold by the similar mosquito.
Symptoms of Zika Virus:
The signs of Zika are much like dengue together with fever, pores and skin rashes and joint ache. In the overwhelming majority of circumstances, there aren’t any signs. Zika could cause paralysis (Guillain-Barré Syndrome) in some individuals. It has the potential to trigger start abnormalities in pregnant ladies.
How Does Zika Virus Spread?
The Zika virus can be handed from mom to foetus throughout being pregnant, by way of sexual contact, transfusion of blood and blood merchandise, and organ transplantation, says WHO. Brazil reported a connection between Zika virus an infection and microcephaly in October 2015. Outbreaks and indications of transmission shortly unfold over the Americas, Africa, and different elements of the globe. To current, 86 nations and territories have reported proof of Zika virus unfold by mosquitos.
No Vaccine Available:
There is presently no vaccine accessible to forestall or deal with Zika virus an infection. The improvement of a Zika vaccine continues to be a piece in progress.
How to Prevent the Spread of Zika Virus?
The solely technique to management the unfold of the virus is to forestall mosquito bites. Firstly, use an efficient mosquito repellent. It is suggested to make use of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents, which has certainly one of the lively elements, together with DEET, Picaridin (generally known as KBR 3023 and icaridin outdoors the US), IR3535, Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE), Para-menthane-diol (PMD) and 2-undecanone.
Another safety measure consists of sporting correct cloths and kit. For this, one can use permethrin to deal with clothes and kit (resembling boots, pants, socks, and tents) or purchase permethrin-treated clothes and kit. Permethrin is an insecticide that kills or repels mosquitoes and the permethrin-treated clothes gives safety after a number of washings. However, permethrin merchandise shouldn’t be used straight on pores and skin.
In addition, one ought to take steps to manage mosquitoes indoors and open air. For this, one has to make use of screens on home windows and doorways. The holes in screens must also be repaired when wanted to maintain mosquitoes open air. It can also be advisable to make use of air con, if accessible.
One should additionally cease mosquitoes from laying eggs in or close to water. For this, empty and scrub, flip over, cowl, or throw out objects that maintain water, resembling tires, buckets, planters, toys, swimming pools, birdbaths, flowerpots, or trash containers, a minimum of as soon as per week.
The most essential step is to forestall mosquito bites when touring abroad. The tropical areas present excellent temperature for the breeding of mosquitoes. To keep away from this, one ought to select a lodge or lodging with air con or screens on home windows and doorways. Even there, one ought to sleep beneath a mosquito mattress internet in case you are outdoors or in a room that doesn’t have screens.
Read all the Latest News, Breaking News and Coronavirus News right here