Washington, June 10: Indian-Americans, who represent the second-largest immigrant group within the US, regularly encounter discrimination and polarisation, in keeping with a survey launched on Wednesday.
The report, ‘Social Realities of Indian Americans: Results from the 2020 Indian American Attitudes Survey’ attracts on the Indian-American Attitudes Survey (IAAS) — a collaboration between the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Johns Hopkins-SAIS, and the University of Pennsylvania.
The findings of the report are based mostly on a nationally consultant on-line survey of 1,200 Indian-American residents within the US — the 2020 IAAS — performed between September 1 and September 20, 2020, in partnership with the analysis and analytics agency YouGov, it mentioned in an announcement.
“Indian-Americans regularly encounter discrimination. One in two Indian Americans studies being discriminated in opposition to previously one 12 months, with discrimination based mostly on pores and skin color recognized as the commonest type of bias.
Vice President Venkaiah Naidu requires ending gender discrimination in society
“Somewhat surprisingly, Indian-Americans born within the United States are more likely to report being victims of discrimination than their foreign-born counterparts,” mentioned the report.
According to the report, Indian-Americans exhibit very excessive charges of marriage inside their group.
While eight out of 10 respondents have a partner or associate of Indian-origin, US-born Indian-Americans are 4 occasions extra prone to have a partner or associate who’s of Indian-origin however was born within the United States.
The survey discovered that faith performs a central function within the lives of Indian-Americans however non secular apply varies.
While almost three-quarters of Indian-Americans state that faith performs an vital function of their lives, non secular apply is much less pronounced.
Forty per cent of respondents pray not less than as soon as a day and 27 per cent attend non secular providers not less than as soon as every week.
The report notes that roughly half of all Hindu Indian-Americans establish with a caste group. Foreign-born respondents are considerably extra probably than US-born respondents to espouse a caste identification.
The overwhelming majority of Hindus with a caste identification — greater than eight in 10 — self-identify as belonging to the class of General or higher caste.
“Indian-American” itself is a contested identification. While Indian-American is a generally used shorthand to explain folks of Indian-origin, it’s not universally embraced. Only 4 in 10 respondents consider that “Indian-American” is the time period that finest captures their background, the report mentioned.
Civic and political engagement varies significantly by one’s citizenship standing. Across almost all metrics of civic and political participation, US-born residents report the very best ranges of engagement, adopted by foreign-born US residents, with non-citizens trailing behind.
Indian-Americans’ social communities are closely populated by different folks of Indian-origin. Indian-Americans — particularly members of the primary technology — have a tendency to socialize with different Indian-Americans.
Internally, the social networks of Indian-Americans are extra homogenous when it comes to faith than both Indian area (state) of origin or caste.
The report says that polarisation amongst Indian-Americans displays broader traits within the American society.
India rejects US govt report on alleged discrimination in opposition to minorities in nation
“While non secular polarisation is much less pronounced at a person stage, partisan polarisation — linked to political preferences each in India and the United States — is rife. However, this polarisation is uneven: Democrats are a lot much less comfy having shut buddies who’re Republicans than the converse,” it mentioned.
The identical is true of Congress Party supporters vis-a-vis supporters of the BJP.
To some extent, divisions in India are being reproduced throughout the Indian-American group. While solely a minority of respondents are involved concerning the importation of political divisions from India to the United States, those that establish faith, political management and political events in India as the commonest elements,” the report added.
Indian-Americans comprise barely greater than 1 per cent of the overall US population-and lower than 1 per cent of all registered voters.
Indian Americans are the second-largest immigrant group within the United States. There are 4.2 million folks of Indian origin residing within the United States, in keeping with 2018 information.
Story first printed: Thursday, June 10, 2021, 9:06 [IST]