Republic Day 2021: All you want to know in regards to the Indian Constitution | India celebrates Republic Day on January 26 to commemorate the day when the Constitution got here into impact again in 1950 and to honour the nation’s impartial spirit. The day is marked particular by the tricolour hoisting and famed parade carried out by the armed forces. Here is all you want to know in regards to the Constitution of India:
What is the Constitution of India?
It is taken into account to be the supreme legislation of the nation. At the time of its graduation, the Indian Constitution had 395 articles in 22 elements and eight schedules, making it the longest on this planet. Also, it’s the second-largest energetic structure on this planet comprising roughly 145,000 phrases.
The structure was adopted on the twenty sixth of November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India however lastly got here into impact in 1950 and the nation was declared the biggest democracy on this planet. Dr B. R. Ambedkar is taken into account to be the architect of the Indian Constitution.
After India gained Independence from the British Rule, there was a necessity for a written structure which might assist to run the nation extra systematically. And for this objective, a drafting committee was constituted, headed by Dr B.R. Ambedkar. The committee took nearly 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to draft the structure.
Aim and Objection
The important motive behind the formation of the Constitution was to present justice to each citizen irrespective of poverty, richness, caste and faith and abolition of all types of inequalities. It was additionally accomplished to present equality for everybody. The Constitution of India additionally gave the ability to the residents to govern themselves by selecting their authorities.
One of essentially the most distinctive and necessary options of the Indian Constitution is that it has historically offered for a single consolidated system of courts to implement each Union and State legal guidelines.
There is a hierarchy within the judicial system. At the topmost, there exists the Supreme Court, beneath that are the High Courts, then Subordinate Courts. Some states even have Panchayat Courts.