One of the worst power outages confronted by Pakistan final week was caused as a consequence of poor upkeep and subsequent failure of the safety system within the nationwide grid, the Dawn reported on Monday. The newspaper reported that senior officers held detailed discussions after many cities and cities throughout Pakistan plunged into darkness Saturday evening following a serious technical fault within the nation’s power technology and distribution system.
The officers admitted that the blackout had uncovered the mismanagement on the a part of the federal government in working the whole power sector of the nation on an advert hoc foundation, it stated.
The chief govt officers of all of the three key firms involved — the Central Power Generation Company-Guddu, the National Transmission and Dispatch Company (NTDC) and the National Power Control Centre (NPCC) — have been engaged on advert hoc or performing cost foundation for years.
The Central Power Generation Company (CPGC) runs the Guddu Power Station the place the preliminary technical fault was reported to have taken place, resulting in Karachi, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Islamabad, Multan and different locations going through the blackout.
The NTDC operates the nation’s nationwide grid whose safety system ought to have reacted to the Guddu station’s tripping and remoted the fault. Its system, meant to cease the transmission frequency from dropping, apparently didn’t work ensuing within the cascading closure of all of the power crops throughout the nation in a matter of seconds.
The NPCC displays the circulation of electrical energy from power crops to numerous distribution firms (Discos). It has to handle provide methods for correct load and frequency balancing.
Even the Discos are working with out common chief govt officers for greater than two and a half years, the newspaper stated.
The NTDC is with out a common chief govt officer since July 2017 whereas NPCC has not seen a full-time CEO for greater than a decade. The NPCC chief, engaged on a short lived foundation, was employed final yr from the personal sector.
The nation’s Prime Minister Imran Khan has reportedly expressed displeasure over non-filling of the posts in power firms.
That a human error triggered the huge outage was not directly confirmed by Engineer Hammad Amer Hashmi on Sunday when he suspended seven staff of the Guddu station working below plant manager-III and blamed them for negligence.
At a information convention, Energy Minister Omar Ayub Khan stated the breakdown occurred as a consequence of a technical fault on the Guddu station, which resulted in frequency declining from 50 to zero inside seconds.
Officials stated the preliminary fault appeared to have occurred on the Guddu station’s switchyard, however the safety system of the transmission community didn’t reply to the fault.
The transmission system ought to have rejected the load from Guddu station by means of an automated safety mechanism, however apparently this didn’t occur due to poor or inadequate upkeep and non-washing of transmission traces.
The Guddu-Sibi transmission line has been a well-recognized bother spot due to excessive fog and different environmental points and has seen tripping prior to now as properly.
The safety system had been separating southern and northern elements of the nation’s grid prior to now.
“This is clearly a failure of the safety system,” stated a retired senior officer.
He stated the transmission traces was once washed yearly, typically repeatedly, relying on the fog in winters. He additionally known as into query the previous authorities claims that the safety system had been improved, significantly after the 2015 breakdown.
Had the system been improved it could have gone into an island mode. Saturday’s power outage was the third such incident since 2015, which meant the safety system was both not upgraded or the improve was inadequate, stated the retired officer.
Meanwhile, the officers stated the transmission community had been synchronised for now, however the whole transmission and distribution community would take a while, possibly till Monday, to utterly stabilise as repeated load swings have been being witnessed in lots of elements of the nation.
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